I am posting two recent news items for the archive. The first is a brief story (with an interesting looking map) from the Financial Times on Internet censorship. The second is an older interview I did on December 1st with CNN International about psiphon. The interview has been posted on youtube here.
I had the pleasure recently of giving a talk to the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School, home of many friends and colleagues of the OpenNet Initiative. My talk was about securing human rights online, focusing in particular on the psiphon project.
You can see the entire talk here.
And here is a Radio Free Europe interview I did about psiphon.
An excellent article about psiphon in Newsforge.
As the author says, “Psiphon is not designed to solve all secure Web browsing dilemmas. Rather, it is a means by which those in uncensored countries can assist specific individuals in censored countries access blocked Web content — without placing any technical (or personal security) burden on those individuals.”
The psiphon launch and worldwide public release went very well. Thanks to my colleague Rafal Rohozinski at the University of Cambridge, and lead engineer Mike Hull, Anton, Eugene, Nart, Jane, Sarah, and James for working so hard and getting it out there. It has, and continues to be, a real Citizen Lab team effort. Thanks also go to the Open Society Institute for supporting this and other Citizen Lab projects; to the Centre for Innovation Law and Policy (CILP) at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto; to the Clinical Program in Cyberlaw at Harvard Law School for legal advice, especially Alex Green and Matt Lovell; to the Parsons School of Design in New York City; and to numerous beta testers around the world.
The response has been tremendous, and we appreciate all of the feedback from the (as of the time of writing) 40,000+ psiphon node administrators worldwide.
We were fortunate to receive a lot of press coverage of psiphon, not all of it accurate unfortunately but that’s not unusual. Here are a few with some clarifications:
CBC The Hour
Globe and Mail *Note that the psiphon project is not funded by the MacArthur Foundation. The OpenNet Initiative is however. It is funded by the Open Society Institute and the CILP, as noted above.
IT Business *Note it is Mike Hull, not Hall.
Published in the New York Times
November 27, 2006
By CHRISTOPHER MASON
TORONTO, Nov. 21 — Deep in a basement lab at the University of Toronto a team of political scientists, software engineers and computer-hacking activists, or “hactivists,” have created the latest, and some say most advanced tool yet in allowing Internet users to circumvent government censorship of the Web.
The program, called psiphon (pronounced “SY-fon”), will be released on Dec. 1 in response to growing Internet censorship that is pushing citizens in restrictive countries to pursue more elaborate and sophisticated programs to gain access to Western news sites, blogs and other censored material.
“The problem is growing exponentially,” said Ronald Deibert, director of the University of Toronto’s Citizen Lab, which designed psiphon. “What might have started as censorship of pornography and Western news organizations has expanded to include blogging sites, religious sites, health information sites and many others.”
Psiphon is downloaded by a person in an uncensored country (psiphon.civisec.org), turning that person’s computer into an access point. Someone in a restricted-access country can then log into that computer through an encrypted connection and using it as a proxy, gain access to censored sites. The program’s designers say there is no evidence on the user’s computer of having viewed censored material once they erase their Internet history after each use. The software is part of a broader effort to live up to the initial hopes human rights activists had that the Internet would provide unprecedented freedom of expression for those living in restrictive countries.
“Governments have militarized their censorship efforts to an incredible extent so we’re trying to reverse some of that and restore that promise that the Internet once had for unfettered access and communication,” Dr. Deibert said.
When it opened in 2000, the Citizen Lab, which is one of four institutions in the OpenNet Initiative (opennetinitiative.org), was actively monitoring a handful of countries, mainly China, Iran and Saudi Arabia, that censored the Internet. But citing increased filtering by governments, the lab now monitors more than 40 countries.
The program’s designers say existing anticensorship programs are too complicated for everyday computer users, leave evidence on the user’s computer and lack security in part because they have to be advertised publicly, making it easy for censors to detect and block access to them.
“Now you will have potentially thousands, even tens of thousands, of private proxies that are almost impossible for censors to follow one by one,” said Qiang Xiao, director of the China Internet Project at the University of California, Berkeley.
Instead of publicly advertising the required login and password information, psiphon is designed to be shared within trusted social circles of friends, family and co-workers. This feature is meant to keep the program away from censors but is also the largest drawback because it limits efforts to get the program to as many people as possible.
The software is also designed to allow users to post on blogs and other Web sites like Wikipedia, which has been a problem for some other anticensorship programs. By requiring only login information and no installation, psiphon is intended for anyone with basic computer knowledge because psiphon functions much the same as any typical browser.
“So far it’s been tech solutions for tech people,” said Dmitri Vitaliev, a human rights activist in Russia who has been testing psiphon in countries where the Internet is censored. “We have not had very good tools so everyone has been eagerly awaiting psiphon.”
Copyright 2006 The New York Times Company
There have been a couple of news items concerning research at the Citizen Lab.
The first is a news item from WIRED News concerning the ongoing activities of the OpenNet Initiative. We have recently completed testing in nearly 40 countries worldwide (not the 50 the magazine claims) and our researchers gathered at Berkman Center for Internet & Society to begin to pull together the analysis of the results. We’ll be reporting soon on all of the countries in a major volume, coming probably early next year.
The second is a Macleans magazine article on our upcoming release of our psiphon censorship circumvention software at the December 1st Protect the Net event. There appears to be no online version of the article, but I’ve posted a low resolution PDF here for academic archiving purposes only.
There has been a few news items recently concerning some of our projects at the Citizen Lab. The BBC’s The World had a report on developments in Iranian censorship of the Internet, giving special attention to our soon-to-be-released (December 1st) software project, psiphon. The interview was with the Citizen Lab’s director of technical research, Nart Villeneuve. You can listen to it here.